Career as Professor in India – Eligibility, Salary, NET, API Score, Job Application and More

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Career as Professor

Do you want to become an assistant professor in India? This one stop guide will give you complete and relevant details here.

After the 7th pay commission 2016 recommendations, UGC increased the pay scale for Adhoc and Assistant Professor jobs in 2018.

Therefore, an assistant professor in Central or State University earns around Rs. 90,000/- to 1,01,500/- per month. 

That is why, career in teaching particularly at university level is getting popular due to lucrative salaries, job satisfaction, and authority and respect that comes with it.

So, if you’re planning to pursue a job as an assistant professor, then this one article covers all important details regarding it. 

Types of Teaching Jobs at University or College in India

In India, as notified by UGC in 2009, there are three faculty ranks namely:

Assistant Professor
Associate Professor
Professor
Senior Professor
Vice Principal
Principal

All of the above mentioned jobs are permanent jobs offered at both Government and Private Universities and Colleges.

The assistant professor is an entry level job to teach undergraduate students at university level. 

Apart from assistant professor job, there contractual openings for teaching at university that are: 

  • Guest Faculty
  • Ad Hoc Lecturer

Both these posts are on contract basis and do not offer perks, incentives and support much like permanent positions.

We have discussed more about this in the later section, scroll to find out. 

Minimum Qualification Required to Become a Professor in India

As per the UGC 2009, following are the minimum qualification required to apply for faculty positions:

Positions Minimum Qualifications
Assistant Professor
  • Minimum 55% score in Master’s degree
  • Qualified NET (National Eligibility Test) or SET (State Eligibility Test) or SLET (State Level Eligibility Test) in the Master’s degree subject
  • However, NET/SLET/SET is not required for the subjects in which these exams are not conducted
  • Candidates awarded M.Phil/Ph.D. prior to 11th July 2009 are exempted from NET/SLET/SET

OR 

  • Ph.D degree from a top 500 ranking university in the world according to  QS (Quacquarelli Symonds) or THE (Times Higher Education) or ARWU (Academic Ranking of the World Universities)
Associate Professor
  • Minimum 55% score in Master’s degree
  • Ph.D. degree in concerned or allied or relevant subject
  • 8 years of teaching and/or research
  • Minimum seven publications in peer reviewed or UGC listed journals
  • Minimum 75 total research score
Professor
  • Scholar with Ph.D. in concerned or allied or relevant subject
  • Minimum ten publications in peer reviewed or UGC listed journals 
  • Minimum 120 total research score
  • 10 year of teaching or research experience

OR

  • Outstanding professional with Ph.D. in concerned or allied or relevant subject 
Senior Professor in Universities
  • Scholar with Ph.D. with high quality publications
  • Selection to be based upon academic achievements, and favorable reviews from three subject matter experts of no less than Senior Professor or Professor rank with 10 years of experience
  • Minimum 10 best publications in peer reviewed or UGC listed journals
  • Award of two Ph.D. degree under his/her supervision during last 10 years of teaching or research experience
College Principal
  • Ph.D. degree holder
  • Associate Professor or Professor with 15 years of teaching or research experience in university, college or institutions of higher education
  • Minimum 120 research score
  • Tenure: Principal will be appointed for a period of 5 years (with option to further extend upto 5 years as per selection committee)
College Vice Principal
  • Senior faculty member appointed by Governing Body or Selection Committee

 

UGC NTA National Eligibility Test for Assistant Professorship

UGC (University Grants Commission) in collaboration with NTA (National Testing Agency) conducts NET JRF test twice a year (June and December month usually).

The following list of frequently asked questions will give you a clear idea about the NET JRF exam. 

What is NET JRF?

National Eligibility Test-Junior Research Fellowship (NET-JRF) is conducted to determine candidate’s eligibility for assistant professor job and/or research fellowship.

How many subjects are there in the NET JRF exam?

There are more than 80 subjects in Languages, Humanities, Social Sciences and Management subjects in the NET JRF exam.

What is the Eligibility Criteria for NET JRF exam?

Master’s degree or equivalent with 55% marks (50% marks for reserved category) from recognized University or Institute in India.

What is the NET JRF exam schedule?

NTA on behalf of UGC conducts NET JRF exam twice a year in June and December month.

What is the exam pattern of the NET JRF exam?

There are two papers - General Paper 1 and Subject Paper 2 that are MCQ based with a total duration of 3 hours with no breaks.

What is the age limit for the NET JRF exam?

There is no upper age limit for NET exam, but for the JRF candidate should not be more than 30 years of age (5 years age relaxation is applicable for reserved category).

What is the application process for the NET JRF exam?

NTA (National Testing Agency) usually notify in the month of March or April on its official website for the NET JRF exam registration with the link to online application.

Who is exempted from NET JRF exam?

Candidates who have qualified SET or SLET are exempted from NET JRF exam, but only eligible to apply in the same state universities/colleges.

What is the cut off for the NET JRF exam?

The rule is to qualify 6% of the candidates appearing in NET JRF exam, therefore cut offs are calculated accordingly.

Salary Breakup for Various Academic Positions in India

Assistant Professor Rs. 60,000/- to Rs. 100,000/- per month
Associate Professor Rs. 80,000/- to 180,000/- per month
Professor Rs. 150,000/- to 250,000/-
Senior Professor in Universities Rs.180,000/- to 300,000/-
College Principal Rs.180,000/- to 300,000/-
College Vice Principal Rs. 150,000/- to 250,000/-

 

Shortlisting Criteria – Academic Performance Indicator (API)

After fulfilling the eligibility criteria to apply for assistant professor, you can apply for the jobs in any university or college in India. 

However, as you apply, you will be shortlisted on the basis of your academic score calculation. 

Basically, candidates with higher academic scores will be invited for the interview. 

There’s a method to calculate the academic score. 

Following table list score for each academic record to calculate API (Academic Performance Indicator) for the post of Assistant Professors in Universities:

Academic Achievements Score
Graduation 80% or above marks = 15 score

80% (less) to 60% = 13 score

60% (less) to 55% = 10 score

Post Graduation 80% or above marks = 28 score

80% (less) to 60% = 25 score

60% (less) to 55% = 20 score

M.Phil 60% or above = 07 score

60% (less) to 55% = 05 score

Ph.D 30 score
NET-JRF/NET Only/SET/SLET NET-JRF = 07 score

Only NET/SET/SLET = 05 score

Research Publications in Peer Reviewed and UGC listed Journals Maximum 10 score (2 score each for publications)
Teaching and Post Doctoral experience Maximum 10 score (2 score for each year)
MAXIMUM TOTAL SCORE 100

 

Following table list score for each academic record to calculate API for the post of Assistant Professors in College:

Academic Achievements Score
Graduation 80% or above marks = 21 score

80% (less) to 60% = 19 score

60% (less) to 55% = 16 score

Post Graduation 80% or above marks = 33 score

80% (less) to 60% = 30 score

60% (less) to 55% = 25 score

M.Phil 60% or above = 07 score

60% (less) to 55% = 05 score

Ph.D 20 score
NET-JRF/NET Only/SET/SLET NET-JRF = 10 score

Only NET/SET/SLET = 08 score

Research Publications in Peer Reviewed and UGC listed Journals Maximum 06 score (2 score each for publications)
Teaching and Post Doctoral experience Maximum 10 score (2 score for each year)
MAXIMUM TOTAL SCORE 100

The above table will give you a clear idea on how to increase your academic score and increase your chances of landing a professor job in India’s leading universities. 

How to Apply for an Assistant Professor Job in India?

Professor Job Openings

From time to time, major universities in India notify and advertise job openings on their official website and major newspapers. You will have to follow such news to stay updated with job openings and apply in time. 

Application Process

Most universities have online application portals through which candidates are required to apply. 

Ad hoc Panel List

Central Universities such as Delhi University notify ad hoc panel lists to which candidates are required to get themselves enrolled before candidates can apply for the job postings in various colleges of Delhi University. 

Selection Committee

As per the UGC 2018 regulation, university/college are required to create a selection committee consisting of academicians, experts, HoDs, representatives of reserved category, and/or Vice Chancellor or its representative. 

Shortlisting

The administration of the college/university will shortlist the candidates and invite them to appear for the interview. 

Interview

Candidates will be required to appear before the Selection Committee for an interview. And in the interview candidates’ knowledge about their subjects, teaching methods, research methods, general awareness will be tested. 

Final Word

We tried our best to cover all possible and relevant information that answers your question – how to become a professor in India? 

If you have suggestions or want to ask questions then please feel free to use the comment section. 

We would love to answer your questions in detail.

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